cHronologY

Emili Rodríguez

Jordi Falgàs

 

1907

Josep Miquel Tomàs Colomer Martí is born in Girona on the 3 of December. His parents, Tomàs Colomer Gelabert and Maria Martí Casanova, run the Colomer chandlery in Cort Reial, no. 4. He has a brother and sister, Miquel and Maria.

1912-19

He studies in the Grup Escolar de Girona, where from 1914 he has drawing lessons given by the painter Josep Pons Martí. As teachers he has Silvestre Santaló, Sebastià Dalmau and Sebastià Pla i Cargol.

1918

His mother dies, a victim of the pandemic called “Spanish flu”. His aunt Francisca Colomer Brugué, an infant school teacher in the Grup Escolar, takes care of him.

1924

His father remarries, to Assumpció Boxa Coll.

1925

29 of October-6 of November: he exhibits drawings in the Provincial Exhibition of Art organised by the Grup Excursionista i Esportiu Gironí (GEiEG) in the meeting room of the Chamber of Commerce, for the Girona Fairs.

1926

Jordi Colomer Boxa is born, the stepbrother with whom Colomer will maintain a close and lasting family relationship, just like with his aunt Francisca.

He gets out of doing military service by previously paying a fee.

1926-28

Studies in Barcelona, in the Escola d’Arts i Oficis Artístics i Belles Arts de la Llotja, with Francesc Labarta, and in the Cercle Artístic de Sant Lluc.

1927-28

He attends the drawing and painting academy that Josep Aguilera i Martí (1882-1955), his great-grandfather, opens in La Força Street in Girona.

1929

February: he forms part of the group that creates the Amics de les Arts association, a section of the GEiEG, along with other pupils of Josep Aguilera.

15-31 of May: he takes part in the first group exhibition of the Amics de les Arts, in the rooms of the Ateneu de Girona, which will later be a travelling exhibition in La Bisbal and Banyoles.

November: he takes part in the second exhibition of the Amics de les Arts, again in the Ateneu de Girona.

1930

15-30 of January: he exhibits drawings in the winter group show of the Amics de les Arts in the Ateneu de Girona and in the Sala Edison in Figueres.

March: he goes to Brussels along with Martí Adroher Bosch (1905-1972) to study in the Royal Academy of Fine Art and School of Decorative Arts. He lives in the Maison des Artistes. In July they are joined by Francesc Gallostra Verdala (1905-1974), another colleague from the Amics de les Arts.

29 of June: inauguration of the monument to the sculptor Fidel Aguilar (1894-1917) in the Devesa park in Girona, promoted by the Amics de les Arts, based on a project by Colomer and Gallostra.

October: Colomer and Gallostra pass their exams to enter into the Royal Academy of Fine Art and School of Decorative Arts in Brussels. Colomer also studies decorative painting in the prestigious École Supérieure de Peinture Logelain.

December: he writes the poem “Yxel·les”, dedicated to the district of Ixelles in the Belgian capital, the oldest of the few poems of his that are conserved.

1931

5 of February: Colomer, Gallostra and Adroher are chosen as members of the board and of the culture commission of the new Centre Català in Brussels.

Early April: Colomer and Gallostra return to Girona. Forming a company, they establish themselves as decorators in Ronda Ferran Puig, no 10.

30 of April: El Autonomista publishes the first advertisement with Colomer-Gallostra signing jointly, of the OIC company, in Nou del Teatre Street in Girona, a publicity company in fact.

April: the Colomer-Gallostra team start working with the GEiEG designing the poster of the II Excursionist Gathering of the GEiEG, in the sanctuary of Els Àngels, on the 17 of May.

24 of August: Colomer-Gallostra publish the first of many short advertisements in the local press asking for an apprentice. During the following years, they continue advertising for apprentices and painters.

19 of September: Colomer-Gallostra design and publish in the Diari de Girona an advertisement for Ramon Cadenas’ Ferros d’Art ironworks, which will be published periodically until 1933.

18 of November: inauguration of the reform work that Colomer and Gallostra have done on the facade and shop window of the Pratdesava cake shop, in the Plaça del Vi in Girona (demolished in 1984).

Colomer and Gallostra collaborate on the decoration of the facade of the Hotel Peninsular and the Teatro Albéniz in Girona.

1932

April: Colomer and Gallostra again design the poster for the Excursionist Gathering of the GEiEG (Finestres, 8 of May).

1 of June: he publishes the first of a series of illustrations that he will do between 1932 and 1933 for the fortnightly paper L’Espurna: Portantveu del Bloc Obrer i Camperol de les comarques gironines, signed with the pseudonym ‘Marty’.

23 of July: he publishes two drawings with the pseudonym ‘Marty’ to illustrate the article by Dr. J. Canals Carbó “La política agrària de la URSS” (Agrarian Policy of the USSR) in Front: Setmanari d’avançada, published in Barcelona by the Bloc Obrer i Camperol (Workers and Peasants Block) and run by Jaume Miravitlles.

He illustrates the cover of the book Perque soc comunista? [sic] (Why Am I a Communist?), by Jaume Miravitlles, with the pseudonym ‘Marty’.

16 of September: Colomer and Gallostra design an advertisement for Pompilia shaving foam, which is published in the local press during September and October.

28 of October-5 of November: Colomer and Gallostra promote and organise the first Commercial Fair of Girona (Commercial and Agricultural Fair after the second one), for which they will design the stands, publicity and the poster, as well as taking part with their own stand. They will continue organising and exhibiting in it in the following editions, until 1935.

During this period he begins a sentimental relationship with Carme Sanz, born in 1914 in Banyoles, who will be his companion and wife.

Colomer and Gallostra do the decoration of the Reixach hairdressers in Plaça del Vi in Girona (from 1935 it will be Roig barbers).

1933

April: for the third year running, Colomer and Gallostra design the poster for the Excursionist Gathering of the GEiEG (El Far, 14 of May).

27 of May: the Spring Exhibition is opened, organised by the Ateneu de Girona, Girona City Council and the University of Barcelona, in the foyer of the Municipal Theatre, decorated by Colomer and Gallostra to house the show, in which there were works by the main Catalan artists of the time.

3 of June: inauguration of the Sitjes hairdressers in Plaça Marquès de Camps in Girona, decorated by Colomer-Gallostra.

9 of December: Colomer and Gallostra open the Garbí small exhibition room, in Plaça Marquès de Camps , 7, in Girona, that had previously been announced for the 15 of October. The first exhibition is of paintings by Joan Vila Cinca, drawings and etchings by Antoni Vila Arrufat, and ceramics by Josep Aragay. In a short time, the Garbí ’little room’ also becomes a bookshop, concert hall, conference and meeting room.

1934

4 of January: inauguration of an exhibition of cactuses in Garbí, promoted by Colomer and Gallostra.

19 of January: Garbí is the centre for the Els Íntims group, promoted by Colomer and Gallostra, which for the following years organises literary presentations and conferences, exhibitions, excursions, cultural trips, cinema sessions, concerts and a photography competition, among other activities. The first event is a presentation of the novel Refraccions d’una vida, by Josep Planes Mundet, who was a member of the group. During this first year they organise events with the writers Prudenci Bertrana and Miquel de Palol, among others.

10 of March: the Garbí room presents a group exhibition of artists from Girona, with works by Colomer. Joaquim Pla i Cargol publishes a review of the exhibition in which he highlights Colomer Martí’s drawing as “the most promising works of this exhibition”.

April: Colomer and Gallostra design the poster for the V Excursionist Gathering of the GEiEG (sanctuary of Coll, 13 of May).

May: Colomer-Gallostra design the decoration of the Barber photography studio and shop in the Rambla de la Llibertat in Girona.

23 and 24 of August: the new headquarters are inaugurated (shop, offices and exhibition room) of Ràdio Univers, in Plaça Marquès de Camps in Girona, decorated by Colomer-Gallostra.

Colomer and Gallostra do the decoration of the Casa Massias perfumery in Olot.

3-5 of October: the painter Frederic Lloveras (1912-1983) exhibits in Garbí, while he is doing his military service in Girona. The friendship between the two artists and their future families, often epistolary, was maintained until the death of Lloveras.

16 of October: Francesc Gallostra is arrested due to his participation in the Events of the 6 of October in Girona, and Colomer is entrusted to direct the design and assembly of the Commercial Fair of Girona.

1935

April: Colomer and Gallostra design the poster for the VI Excursionist Gathering of the GEiEG (Vallvanera, 19 of May).

11 of May: L’Autonomista reproduces on the cover a drawing by Colomer to illustrate a review by Josep Planes Mundet of the show of the dancer Joan Magrinyà performed in the Municipal Theatre of Girona the night before.

16 of May: the Amics del Grup Escolar Ignasi Iglésies of Girona premiere the opera La Flor, by Ricard Lamote de Grignon, in the Municipal Theatre, with decorations by Colomer-Gallostra and Joaquim Oliveres.

1936

January: he forms part of the founding group of the cultural magazine Víctors and takes charge of the design and layout.

April: Colomer and Gallostra, with the pseudonym ‘Garbí’, design the poster for the VII gathering of the GEiEG (Sant Julià del Mont, 24 of May).

He is a member of the Amateur Cinema Section of the GEiEG, created in July, which during 1936 and 1937 films and organises projections in the city in favour of the republican cause (blood banks, refugee children, etc.).

12-22 of July: he presents four drawings (Interior, Suburb, Corner of Cervià de Ter and Carrer de la Indústria) in a group exhibition organised by the Costa Brava group in the County Art Exhibition of the Escola Municipal d’Arts i Indústries in Palafrugell.

September-October: he takes part in two group exhibitions in Girona: one, to raise funds for the Red Cross, and the other, in favour of International Red Aid, Anti-fascist militias and blood banks, in the Municipal Library.

31 of October -15 of November: with E. Tremps and Antoni Varés, he exhibits drawings and caricatures in the GEiEG.

1937

During this year and the next he translates some poems from French to Catalan, by Anna de Noailles, Charles Baudelaire and Paul Géraldy (it is unknown if they were for a specific publication).

At some indeterminate time between 1936 and 1938, the Garbí exhibition room became the Colomer bookshop. The address is in Plaça Dídac Terradell, 7, the name given to Plaça Marquès de Camps from September 1936. The change of name of the bookshop could be due to the fact that from December 1936 there was the Garbí bookshop in Rambla de la Llibertat, and also that the activity of Els Íntims and the exhibitions in the Garbí room were suspended from the start of the war. Moreover, in 1938 Gallostra was elected councillor of the City council and lecturer in the School of Fine Art, and was finally
called up.

1938

9 of January: the exhibition opens of the Competition of School Works in Aid of the Combatants on the Fronts, for which Colomer and Gallostra design a series of posters. The show is presented in the gymnasium of the GEiEG, turned into an exhibition hall by the architect Josep Claret. Colomer also forms part of the jury for the contest.

1939

28 of April: the Civil War being over, he begins to advertise in the El Pirineo newspaper as a decorator in Girona (Ronda Ferran Puig, 10), but without his partner Francesc Gallostra, who has left in exile.

1940

Supported by the Sanz family, Colomer and Carme Sanz set up home in Banyoles and have a civil and religious wedding on the 19 of March. At an inexact date in the early 40s, they create the Colomer-Sanz bookshop in the toy, perfumery and knitwear shop Can 65 in Banyoles, owned by the Sanz family.

June: he takes part in the I Spring Exhibition of Girona Artists, organised by the Provincial Propaganda Offices in the foyer of the Municipal Theatre of Girona. Colomer wins the painting prize of the Provincial Council for a Note of colour, with 100 pesetas.

October: he designs the cover of the printed programme of the Fairs and Festivals of St Narcissus of Girona, which will be reused the following year.

1941

12 of April-2 of May: he exhibits ten works in a group show in the Municipal library of Girona along with Francesc Riuró, Antoni Varés, Jaume Roca Delpech and Eduardo Capa Sacristán.

June: in collaboration with the architect Ignasi Bosch Bataller, he plans the reform of the facade, offices and furnishing of the Triadú agency in Girona.

1943

He goes to live in Barcelona to work on a furniture shop in Passeg de Gràcia. He lives in a rented attic flat in Vía Laietana, 52. He continues doing decorative work, interior design, furniture design and sign-making in both Barcelona and Girona and around. He advertises periodically in Los Sitios de Gerona until 1946. In Girona, at this time the business address is Ronda Ferran Puig, 18, and for a time it has the name Grabado y Decoración del Vidrio.

Invited by the Lloveras family, in Barcelona he takes part in the chats of the old group from Maison Dorée, which now meets in the Casa del Libro, where he meets the Hungarian psychologist Oliver Brachfeld (1908-1967).

July: trip to Mallorca.

1946

Colomer and Carme Sanz return to Girona. Colomer devotes his time mainly to interior decoration and furniture design.

1947

5 of December: he is elected as member for decoration on the board of the Círculo Artístico de Girona, a post he will hold until 1949.

During this period, Colomer maintains a frequent epistolary relationship with the watercolour painter Joan Torras Bachs (1912-1984), the writer Josep M. Gironella (1917-2003) and the Aragon poet and critic Manuel Pinillos (1914-1989), who in 1951 would found in Girona the magazine Ámbito: cuadernos de poesía y polémica.

1949

January: one of his paintings forms part of the draw of works of members of the Círculo Artístico.

October: he takes part in the second group exhibition of the Círculo Artístico.

1952

He begins an important friendship with the metaphysical theme writer Carlos Cardona, who would be ordained priest of Opus Dei in 1957. Cardona will have a deep influence over Colomer, except in religious questions.

1957

16-30 of March: individual exhibition of thirty small format works in La Artística in Girona.

22 of September: he takes part in the first Fast Painting Contest of Tossa de Mar, a town where the Colomer family spends the summer and coincide with the Lloveras.

1959

Colomer and Carme Sanz entrust the architect Emili Blanch to build a single-family home and ground floor studio in the valley of Sant Daniel, on the outskirts of Girona. After a modification of the initial project in 1962, they build the house, which for a large part of the decade becomes a meeting place for intellectuals and artists from the city.

1960

His father dies.

11 of November: he takes part in the Drawing Fair of the Artists of Girona which is held in Perpignan, and the City Council acquires two of his works.

1962

His aunt Francisca Colomer dies.

1966

3 of January: he joins the National Union Group of Fine Arts (ANSIBA).

1968

15-30 of June: he takes part with two works in the first exhibition of ANSIBA, in the Casa de Cultura in Girona, and receives the fourth prize in the painting category.

1970

17-27 of December: individual exhibition of sixteen paintings in the La Gàbia gallery, Girona.

1972

1 of February: he travels to Madrid in his position as board member of ANSIBA, along with the painter Agustí Pera Planells, president in Girona, for an interview with Ventura Padilla, state secretary of the union group. Colomer promotes the renovation and entrance of young artists into the board of ANSIBA, such as Enric Ansesa, Jaume Faixó and Julià Cutiller.

25-30 of August: he organises and takes part in the show Painting and sculptures of 11 artists from Girona, in the Josep de Ribot cultural centre in Camallera, which later (28 of October -10 of November) could be seen in the Municipal Exhibition Room of Girona.

October: he publishes the article “Presència de Fidel Aguilar a la Girona dels anys 30” (Presence of Fidel Aguilar in the Girona of the 30s) in the catalogue of an exhibition in Girona that rediscovers and reclaims the work of Fidel Aguilar.

20 of December-10 of March: he takes part in the group exhibition organised by ANSIBA in the Casa de Cultura in Girona, in which the participation of many young artists from the union promoted by Colomer is clear.

1973

14 of April-19 of May: he takes part in the III Provincial Exhibition organised by ANSIBA in the Les Voltes d’en Rosés room in Girona.

June: he writes the presentation of the brochure for the individual exhibition of his friend Frederic Lloveras in Les Voltes d’en Rosés in Girona.

28 of June-15 of July: he takes part in the group exhibition Homage to Picasso organised by ANSIBA in Les Voltes d’en Rosés in Girona. The exhibition reveals disagreements between different sections of the union, and Colomer, Ansesa and Faixó resign as members of the board.

1976

15-24 of September: he takes part in the group exhibition Homage to Carles Rahola, organised by the Democratic Assembly of Artists of Girona in the Fundació Miró in Barcelona. Girona City Council will acquire a large part of the works from the exhibition, among them the one by Colomer (catalogue no. 456).

28 of October-12 of December: he takes part in the IV Art Show in the Fontana d’Or in Girona.

2-20 of December: joint exhibition with Josep Cardona in the 3 Torres art room in Barcelona.

1979

20 of March-7 of April: individual exhibition of recent work in the L’Artística art gallery in Girona.

12 of June: he is elected president of the Girona board of the Federation of the Plastic Artists Union of Catalonia.

1 of July: he publishes the article “Reflexions entorn de la comunicació artística” (Reflection on artistic communication) in the Punt Diari.

1980

Carme Sanz begins to show symptoms of deteriorating memory loss.

1-28 of March: he takes part in the group show Girona panorama in the 3 i 5 gallery in Girona.

26 of April-16 of May: he takes part in the I Punt Diari Show in the Fontana d’Or and in the Casa de Cultura in Girona.

28 of September: he publishes the article “Toc d’alerta” (Warning alarm) in the Punt Diari.

22 of October: he publishes the article “Pintura xinesa a la Fontana d’Or” (Chinese painting in the Fontana d’Or) in the Punt Diari.

16 of November: he suffers the first cerebral ictus.

1981

March: he suffers a second cerebral infarction, which prevents him continuing with his artistic production for months.

12 of April: he begins the publication of a series of brief graphological comments on the signatures of different figures interviewed in the Punt Diari.

6 of August: he publishes the article “L’art de preveure el destí i les seves limitacions” (The art of foreseeing destiny and its limitations) in the Punt Diari.

28 of August: he publishes the article “Reflexions entorn de l’Estètica i la Matemàtica” (Reflections on the Aesthetic and Mathematics) in the Punt Diari.

October-December: he takes part in the Plàstica Gironina Actual exhibition in the Fontana d’Or and in the Institut Vell (current Museum of History of Girona) in Girona.

During this year he begins his participation, which will last three years, in the Tuesday Seminars about existential psychotherapy, organised by the neurologist Joaquim Jubert and the psychiatrist Enric Cat in Girona.

1982

He publishes, self-edited, his essay Una terapia real-lógica: deducible de los mensajes de los sueños y del sentido de la escritura personal.

1983

Carme Sanz begins to show clear symptoms of memory loss. Colomer, coinciding with a remarkable neurological recovery, takes up his pictorial work again.

1984

He begins work on planning the Colomer-Sanz Foundation, which would be created in 1998.

1986

17 of January-11 of February: individual exhibition in the Palau de Caramany gallery in Girona.

1987

25 of October-30 of November: he takes part in the Third Art Show, in the Casa de Cultura in Girona. It travels during 1988 to Andorra, Vilafranca del Penedès, Lleida, Perpignan, Llançà and Banyoles, and in 1989, to Madrid.

1988

He suffers new attacks of cerebral ictus, followed by partial recoveries.

He actively takes part in a Seminar of Axiology organised by the Servei Gironí de Pedagogia Social (Sergi) in Girona.

The dementia suffered by Carme Sanz forces her admission into a geriatric home.

1989

9 of February: in two letters written to the President of the Girona Provincial Council and the Mayor of Girona he states his opposition to the passing of a diversion of the N-II main road through the valley of Sant Daniel, in the east of Girona.

1991

He makes a donation to the city of Girona of part of his estate.

12 of April-7 of May: individual exhibition in the Sales Municipals d’Exposició, Girona.

He publishes a self-edition of the essay La comprensió real-lògica: una filosofia per al dos mil, on which he had been working since 1985.

May - June: he advertises in El Punt offering services of “Recovery and strengthening of health and character by the ‘graphotherapeutic’ examination and revision of the personal signature”.

May-September: the exhibition Contemporary art: latest acquisitions, in the Museum of Art of Girona, includes works by Colomer.

24 of July-15 of September: the exhibition 26 artists from the contemporary art collection, in the Museum of the History of Girona, included works by Colomer.

July: Girona City Council names a street in the district of Sant Ponç as Josep Colomer Martí, changed to Pep Colomer Martí at the request of the artist himself.

Faced with the impossibility of looking after himself, he goes into a geriatric home in L’Escala, where he will stay until his death.

1994

1 of October-8 of November: the exhibition 75 years or art in Girona 1919-1994, in the Fontana d’Or, includes the drawing In Can Callicó, 1932 (catalogue no. 2).

7 of November: he dies in the Hospital of Figueres. All the work he leaves in his studio in Ronda Ferran Puig is deposited in the Museum of Art of Girona.

1996

28 of April: Carme Sanz, widow of Pep Colomer, dies in Girona at the age of 81.